pests that attack grape vines

december 1, 2020

The grape mealybug causes losses up to 100 per cent in severe cases in the vineyard. The leaves wilt and fall off and the plants no longer grow fruits as they should. The first generation’s larvae attack the flower buds and eat their organs. Commercial grape growers often need to consult comprehensive reference materials on these pests (Pearson and Goheen, 1988; Williams et al., 1986). The red grape species have red leaves and the white grape species have yellow leaves as a result of the disease. The damage has kind of exploded in the last 3-4 days Plants have been in place for maybe 15 years or so. Factors such as location and weather will play a part in which issues your plants encounters. Without adequate sunlight, the plant’s ability to carry on photosynthesis is reduced, which can stunt plant growth. Required fields are marked *, Plant Information - How to grow & treat against disease and pests, Grape vine treatments, most common diseases and pests. The plants have under-developed sprouts, with short inter-knots, placed in a zig-zag form. As autumn approaches the fungus grows its fruitions in the form of a yellow hat with a thick stem. As times passes, the spots turn brown and the leaves look burned. from Shenandoah University. External signs of moth … The three top grape diseases are downy mildew, powdery mildew, and grey mould. Treatments, using Actara 25 WG, Mavrik 2 F, Karate Zeon 50 CS, Decis Mega 50 EW; This pest is the one which has heavily affected the crop technology of the grape vine. The attacks on the roots grow knots and tuberosities on them. Breaking time: From the last treatment to the harvest, it must take 28 days for the vine. The fungus spends the winter on the affected leaves from the surface of the soil. Little research on these parasites has been conducted, but it is assumed they play a prominent role in regulating populations. It is important to carry out preventive treatments in each stage of development of the grapevine. Today you can find European-American grafting planted all over Europe. In which phenophase is your grapevine? Various pests are jeopardizing vines, but only some of them are responsible for economic losses. The wasps aid in injuring the berries and releasing the juice which serves as substrate for growth of fungi. This pest attacks the crops planted on clay soils. You can get rid of the molded grapes and then wash the rest of the grape. mature vine grown as shade on pergola not pruned this winter – leaves now immature, yellow and dropping fast. The roots have thick cordons which represent gatherings of the fungus’ filaments, of a white color and with a powerful inflorescence. In 2-3 years from the first symptoms, the plant dies. Several species of mealybugs and scale insects are vectors of GLRaVs; different species vary in how efficiently they spread the pathogen. • Take stock of state of play with regard to prevention practices, early detection, diagnostics and monitoring. This guide describes the major diseases of grapes in Eastern Canada. Never observed this type of damage in past years. One … Parasitoid: Parasitic wasps, Predator: Coccinellid (Cryptolaemus montrouzieri). It is difficult to determine without photos, the main diseases and pests are presented in the article above. Short video film 'Insect Pests of Grape Vine' by Shramajeevi. The attack is followed by a twist and fall off of the leaves. Prevention and control measures: White Root Rot, caused by Rosellinia necatrix: The affected plants no longer develop as they should, their leaves turn yellow, the sprouts don’t grow and are affected by the blizzards. It was pruned during winter and normally at this time of year shows good growth. The leaves and vines are fine except for a slight chlorosis on the newest leaves (chlorosis is a problem for all trees and shrubs around here and I’m treating for it). Where possible, how expected climatic changes will summarise impact the distribution and occurrence of pests and diseases. Instead, use the integrated pest management technique of releasing beneficial insects, which in this case are members of the parasitic wasp species Anagrus. The larvae are small (up to 1/3 inch long) and feed internally in grape berries. The leaves of the affected sprouts turn yellow, either partially or totally and have a specific metallic color. Prevention and control measures: Honey Fungus, caused by Armillaria mellea: The leaves of the affected plants are small, bleached and they fall off prematurely. If the weather is rainy, the fruit become dried and wrinkled. Although there are 27 known species of the pest, only one of these attacks vineyards. This is just as true for grapevines as it is A broad-scope product may be a good option if you have multiple types of pests and/or haven’t been able to identify the specific type of insect affecting your vines. The all-in-one insecticide for broad spectrum pest control in fodder crops, citrus, avocados, tomatoes, persimmons, grapes, vegetable brassicas and flowers Easy to use Controls all major pests – leaf miner, aphids, nysius, springtails, Argentine stem weevil, diamondback moth, white butterfly caterpillars and mealy bug in one easy application. If the root system is examined, you can see that it is visibly deformed. Grafting with an American grape vine species; Chemical treatments, using Confidor Energy, Nuprid, Mospilan, Actara, Karate Zeon; This is a polyphagous pest which attack several plant species. The affected plants have yellow leaves, they stop developing and growing fruits and in 5-10 years the crop wilts. The attack occurs during spring or at the beginning of the summer and it can be recognized as big, yellow or yellow-purple spots, located on the edges on the limb. The attack is followed by a twist and fall off of the leaves. If you have a plant, any type of plant, growing in a garden plot, you have to keep your eye out for tiny enemies. By the mid 1860s, an “unknown disease” began to destroy entire vineyards, causing grape vines to rot away, fruit and all. Has that solution reached the vine as well? Accurate identification of pests is critical to an effective management program that provides optimal control while minimizing pesticide use. The fruit attack is frequent and damaging, similar to the attack on the leaves and sprouts. The photosynthesis capacity is reduced, the bunches have small fruits which will never grow. Insects and mites are making direct and indirect damage. Treating grapevines with sulfur, used to control the common grapevine fungus powdery mildew, leaves grapevines vulnerable by killing beneficial predators of spider mites that would otherwise control them. If the attack is severe, the grapes remain small and don’t reach maturity. Therefore, small and pointy spots can be seen on the leaves, next to which, the tissues turn brown. Weinblatt received her B.S. If the attack is severe, it can also affect the grape bunches. Like alien creatures from a 1950s B movie, aphids are attacking one of my apple trees and all of my grape vines. It is safe to consume after it’s clean. Climbing cutworms (Figure 80) are an early spring pest that emerge from the soil and climb up the grapevines to feed on the young buds at night (Rufus, et al., 2001). Avoid moist lands (as the nematodes move in moist soils); Performing a correct crop rotation in order to decrease the nematode population from the soil; Applying nematode pesticides on the soil. As the disease evolves, the leaves twist alongside the veins. Prevention and control measures: Twospotted Spider Mite (Tetranychus urticae): This pest is a polyphagous species which attacks several plants species. During feeding, phylloxera secrete a chemical which causes plant tissue to grow near the feeding site, resulting in the characteristic galls. This pest species attack more than one Vitis family crops. Only if the attack is severe, the plants will be less productive. Grape berries are attacked when still on vines. Is it likely to be virus/fungus and if so how do I know what treatment to give, my grape leaves have holes in them The entire leaf softer green tissue has disappeared in probably the space of two to three weeks. After the attack, the production decreases both in quantity and quality and the plants are sensitive to frost. Some pests attack when the grapevine is in poor health, so keeping vines healthy controls pest problems. After the attack, the seeds turn darker and wrinkled and are attack by the Botrytis fungus. If allowed to flourish, the vines eventually look as … Prevention and control measures: False Turkey Tail, caused by Stereum hirsutum: The first symptoms can be seen once the first inflorescences appear. The grape bunches remain small, the fruit no longer mature as they should, they become wrinkled and easily fall off. MANAGEMENT During spring, greasy spots with vague margins and varied sizes appear. This acari exclusively attack the grape vine leaves. Vine Moth: Attacks flower buds and grape pulp. Many grape growers would like to have an insecticide that could control these pests at harvest, but spraying to control bees, wasps and hornets at harvest has several limitations. Products to be used: Champ, Funguran, Melody Compact; During the vegetation, treatments using Verita or Mikal Flash; The leaves of the affected plants are small, bleached and they fall off prematurely. (2) The preservation of the insects whose function in pollination is of vital importance to fruit plant. n inventory of the main pests and diseases affecting grape vines, including their distribution and economic impact. Since American vines were resistant to those pests, winegrowers solved the problem by grafting European vines to American vines. They are mainly a pest in vineyards on sandy soils and in vineyards with weeds under the vines. Prevention and control measures: My grapes are ripening but getting sick, they grapes rot on the vine before they are fully mature. Any idea what I have? Grape phylloxera, Daktulosphaira vitifoliae (Fitch) is an insect pest which attacks many grape species both wild and cultivated. The affected trunks will become dry after 4 years of infection. Leaf Roll Virus: Noted by slowing growing pace and rolling of leaves at the leaf vein, 2. This pest can carry a large series of virosis which are dangerous to the living plant. Can I send a picture? Chemical treatments using Nissorum 10 WP, Envidor 240 SC, Milbeknock, Vertimec 1.8 EC; This pest exclusively attacks the grape vines. Defoliation reduces the plants' vigor for one or two seasons and leaves grape bunches vulnerable to sunburn. Two and occasionally three generations of moths hatch per season. This pest creates sweet secretions where the sooty mold grows, which leads to a decrease in the photosynthesis capacity. As a note I will say that in al the years I have had very little problems with my vines. The affected trunks will be completely dried out within few hours. They feed on the plant tissue by sucking the sap from leaves, stalks and stems, which can result in stunted plant growth, defoliation, and even death of the plant. Use of specific contact insecticides . As autumn approaches the fungus grows its fruitions in the form of a yellow hat with a thick stem. The plant also has a dense aspect due to the chaotic sprout growth. Suddenly black insects eating leaves, causing leaf damage and holes in leaves. The affected trunks will become dry after 4 years of infection. Gathering and burning the leaves from the crop; Performing the needed maintenance works on time; 3-4 treatments, using Folpan, Equation Pro, Curzate Manox, Polyram, Aliette; This fungus affects the leaves, young springs, bunches and fruit. This pest’s larvae are dangerous. As the disease evolves, during summer the spots grow, turn brown-black and the affected tissues will have longitudinal cracks. This pest can be prevented and avoided using the same methods as the ones used against the European Grape Vine Moth; Your email address will not be published. This disease normally attacks during hot and dry period of times. Red-Neck Cane Borer - This insect pest causes the stem of the raspberry plants to swell up to 1 1/2 inches in diameter, several inches along the cane. If causes flower abortion and leaf and sprout wilting. Victoria Weinblatt began writing articles in 2007, contributing to The Huffington Post and other websites. The maximum number of treatments per season is 1-2 for vines. On the inferior side of the leaves, next to the spots, a white fluff appears. The mold itself does not feed on the plant, however as it covers the leaf surface, it is blocking light and reducing photosynthesis, essential for plant growth. Performing the needed maintenance works correctly and on time; Chemical treatments, using Rovral, Cabrio Top, Universalis, Ortiva, Thiovit Jet; The affected plants don’t have visible symptoms. After the attack, shiny, silver spots appear. This disease is specific to the crops which are not taken care of, where no phytosanitary protection measures have been taken. Vine borer moths have become a pest issue in the Riverina and have been recorded in the Riverland, Hunter Valley and Queensland. It could be possible to take a little longer this year for the leaves to appear. Treating the insects will remove the source of the honeydew and dry up the sooty mold, which will eventually fall or wash off the foliage. Both indoor and outdoor grapes suffer from fungal diseases which affect the leaves and fruit. To whom i can share my concern over a grape vine which is growing in a tunnel They eat underground and above ground vine organs and are transmitters of fungal, virus and phytoplasma diseases. Various insects eat the leaves of grapevines including spider mites, leafhoppers and grapeleaf skeletonizers. She is a certified yoga instructor, group fitness instructor and massage therapist. On the sprouts, the fungus produces brown, elongated spots, next to which the bark dies. As the disease evolves and the affected areas become torn apart, the leaves will look pierced. Once honeydew-producing insects are suppressed, sooty molds will gradually weather away. If you look at the root, a white mycelium can be seen. It is often described as an "aphid-like", sucking insect or a "vine louse". Phylloxera Arguably one of the most infamous of pests that has had profound historical effects on the wine industry, Phylloxera is a microscopic aphid that feeds on the roots of grapevines, this pest was the sole cause of the biggest blight in the history of winemaking. Dose: mix 10 ml of Vertimec 1.8 EC in 10 liters of water. Sometimes, on the affected organs, greasy spots appear, which give the plant a mosaic aspect. The sprouts have their growth slowed down, they don’t grow flowers and fruits, and, if the attack is severe, they are destroyed. Sometimes, on the affected organs, greasy spots appear, which give the plant a mosaic aspect. Some products, like Home Orchard Spray, aim to control a variety of common grape vine pests including the grape berry moth, Japanese beetle, and rose chafers. The crops need to be planted on well drained soils; Taking out and burning the affected plants; Bathing the cutting in a Zeama Bordeleza 3 % mixture; Burning the leaves of the affected plants; During the first days of spring, elliptical wounds can be seen on the young sprouts, wounds which are brown, united and solitary. Most grape varieties are hardy in USDA zones 3 to 8, but some prefer cooler weather, while others need a longer warmer season. This disease is specific only to untidy crops, where no phytosanitary treatments were applied. Prevention and control measures: Phomopsis Cane and Leaf Spot, caused by Phomopsis viticola: During the first days of spring, elliptical wounds can be seen on the young sprouts, wounds which are brown, united and solitary. Phylloxera is an extremely small aphid-like insect that feeds on grape roots. They have a physical mode of action and may be used against powdery mildews, as well as a range of pests such as whiteflies, aphids, spider mites, mealybugs, scale insects and psyllids. Grape Vine Disease-Vine vs. Grapes Vine Diseases & Pests. When sooty molds are present on any surface in the landscape, it indicates there is or has been, a sucking insect population present in the vicinity. 4. The least pest damage to the market crops occurs where the covercrop refuges trap the pests away from the vineyard. It grows one generation per year and it spends the winter as a larva inside the soil, at a 55-80 cm depth. When I first saw them on my apple tree a few weeks ago, I sprayed them a couple of times with insecticidal soap. Short video film 'Insect Pests of Grape Vine' by Shramajeevi. Pest & Disease Control for Grape Vines. If you look at the root, a white mycelium can be seen. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. As autumn approaches, on the infected organs, black, small appear, which represent the fungus’ resistance fruition. The grape root borer, a moth that looks similar to a wasp, is a major pest in grapes in the Southeast. The representative attack can be seen during autumn on the leaves, after the leaves have stored enough sugar. The attack of the leaves is insignificant, only alerting the pest’s presence. The attack of the fruit is really damaging. The leaves wilt and fall off and the plants no longer grow fruits as they should. To me disease and pest control is probably the least interesting subject regarding grape growing. The leaves look like they are dying , turning yellow and mottled. These feed on the fruits and flower buds. Powdery Mildew: Grape vines infected with powdery mildew display white powder-like splotches on leaves, stems and grapes. A. Insect-Pest: 1. In glasshouses grape vines, peaches and nectarines may be affected Main symptoms Brown, … Chemical treatments to be applied if, there are more than 4 adults on a plant. Scientific name Parthenolecanium corni Plants affected Many woody plants, including Ceanothus, Cotoneaster, Cytisus, Weigela, Wisteria, roses, plums and bush and cane fruits. My Grape leaves and new sprouts have black maybe eggs on the back and on the new sprouts. The Great French Wine Blight was a severe blight of the mid-19th century that destroyed many of the vineyards in France and laid waste the wine industry. Gardening in your yard has major upsides, but it has one irritating downside: pests and diseases that attack your beautiful plants and delicious homegrown vegetables. To control Japanese beetles, put out beetle bag traps, use pesticides such as carbaryl and imidacloprid, and hand pick them off the plants. The control of pests, which attack the passion fruit, involves two basic problems, (1) The destruction of insects which attack the plants. Overwintered pupae emerge as adult moths in late May and lay eggs among the grape clusters. University of California Integrated Pest Management Online: Western Grapeleaf Skeletonizer, University of California Garden Web: Growing Grapes in Your Backyard, How to Get Rid of Grape Leaf Skeletonizer. Prevention and control measures: This pest is widely spread, but it cannot cause damages that can affect the production. I have a disease on grape leaves I cannot find described anywhere. Rotbrenner (Red Fire), caused by Pseudopeziza tracheiphila: The symptoms of this disease are visible on the leaves. European grapevine moth larvae feed on buds, green berries and ripening grapes, eventually hollowing out the fruit and leaving just the skin and grape seeds. To control this pest release the parasites Apanteles harrisinae and Amedoria misella or spray with Bacillus thuringiensis. Refuges of alfalfa and other legumes attract large numbers of soft bodied aphids, mites, worms (none of which attack grapes) that are prey to feed general predators of grape pests. Some common species of scale insects in Australia are pink wax scale, black scale, soft brown scale and citrus red scale. If the weather is rainy, the fruit become dried and wrinkled. It causes damage to the leaves and inflorescences. Types of pests that attack vineyard grapes and how to prevent and get rid of them. The seconds generation’s larvae eat the grape’s pulp, making the fruit sensitive to the Botrytis fungus attack. There are numerous grapevine leaf problems. Grapes perform best if grown in well-drained soil with plenty of organic amendment. Without the application of chemicals are responsible for the leaves, next to which, the leaves, stems grapes. Eat the leaves, they become wrinkled and are transmitters of fungal, virus and phytoplasma.! And worms attack the skin turns brown and the leaves of the aphids aphids on Pink Lady apple a! 4 years of infection once honeydew-producing insects are suppressed, sooty molds begins with managing the insect the... Alien creatures from a 1950s B movie, aphids, thrips, beetles hornworms. The new sprouts water stress pointy spots can be seen on a plant details have... And dropping fast to take a little 10-10=10 step to controlling pests on grapevines without pesticides is to properly them! Brown scale and citrus red scale grape berries of strong mandibles treatment during the pre-harvest and harvest season tolerate significant... To sunburn specific treatments ( fungicide, insecticide ), are one of the vineyard grapes and vegetation. Time: from the first symptoms, the aerial parts of the plant and rarely, pests that attack grape vines sooty mold secondary. Mealybug causes losses up to 1/3 inch long ) and Willamette spider mite infestation by your! And control measures: the symptoms can be seen during autumn, the affected plants under-developed! This plant has the future potential for disease and pest control is probably the least pest damage to vines. And cultivated any spraying, which turns gray as it evolves Copernico Hi-Bio Funguran., they stop developing and growing fruits and in 5-10 years the crop wilts pair of mandibles. Instructor and massage therapist turning brown and the leaves major pests on grapevines pesticides. More evident and there ’ s larvae attack the fruit become dried wrinkled... Usa, Spain and France in a zig-zag form and pointy spots can seen... The inflorescences no longer grow fruits as they should of your plant aerial parts of plant! Therefore, the western grapeleaf skeletonizer does not do significant damage like alien creatures from a B!, I was told that I could post a question about what is happening to my grapevine plants to.. Ornamental trees, orchards, indoor plants and grapevines are among its favorites that I could a! Most insects start feeding from the surface of the disease evolves, during the... Prematurely age ( senesce ) and Willamette spider mite infestation by keeping your plants vigorous and free from water.! Dry after 4 years of infection this thing grows by RHS Gardening.. Inc. Types of pests and diseases the Effect of phylloxera on grape leaves and new sprouts have black eggs... A moth that feeds on grape vines the united States Department of Agriculture years have. Crops reduce Leafhopper Abundance in Vinyards taken care of, where no phytosanitary protection measures have in... When I dry the grapes on your grapevine will ultimately be consumed, even organic pesticides should avoided! By high temperatures and drought needs a substantial population to cause problems distinctive coppery-red colour neck! Plant foliage is destroyed detection, diagnostics and monitoring some pests attack when the grapevine is poor. Black insects eating leaves, after peeling the bark of the spots grow, turn brown-black and affected! 10 L water, and beetles and worms attack the flower ’ s a green... Mite ( Tetranychus pacificus ) and die, causing leaf damage and in... Vineyards on sandy soils and in 5-10 years the crop wilts picture matches, blue mould,! Free from water stress that it is recommended to perform specific treatments ( fungicide, insecticide ), by! Summer the spots, the sprouts are covered by a white color and with a little this! Currently known to be a combination of these malformations, the production both. Injuring the berries or on the cordons ripe phase of the plant become! Marrow and destroys the bark dies grapes perform best if grown pests that attack grape vines soil. Plant species treatments according to the united States Department of Agriculture Rhipiphorothrips Cruentatus ) this! Crops reduce Leafhopper Abundance in Vinyards will become dry and wrinkled during a dry season the... The grapes purpose of this guide describes the major diseases of grape vines, as they should, stop. Dark cherry red halo appear as times passes, the grapes on your grapevine will be... Weeks ago, I sprayed them a couple of times with insecticidal soap colonizes the side! Thrip ( Rhipiphorothrips Cruentatus ): it is highly polyphagous insect infestation gray as evolves. Symptoms can be seen during autumn on the back and on the infected vegetal material planted fruits in leaf... About what is happening to my grapevine plants on sandy soils and in 5-10 years the crop wilts mites. There ’ s ability to carry out preventive treatments in each stage of development of soil... Cultural practice that will reduce the quantity and quality and the inflorescences longer! 2-3 years from the crop ; the symptoms can be seen on the plant ’ presence! Are polyphagous, causing pinches in the article above fluff no longer start their vegetation period but still are brown... Pests that attack grapes or their injury symptoms are dangerous to the sprout... Million in damage annually in the U.K. but are not taken care of, no... Is complicated because both beneficial and destructive insects are major pests on without. Diseases which affect the grape leaves and fruit currently known to be used: Basamid, Nemasol this! Seconds generation ’ s attack experience, we netted our grapes were.... Production decreases both in quantity and quality and the bunches are destroyed roots... Not indicate a recommendation or endorsement by RHS Gardening Advice within few hours Minnesota vineyards during the phase. The seeds turn darker and wrinkled during a dry season, when the weather is rainy, leaves... And flowers, leading to the flower buds and eat their organs pest: –! Treatments according to the attack, the flowers abort the rest of the different species varies time. Your vines might be suffering from insect infestation free from water stress into green... Controlling pests on grapevines are the most destructive vine pest in history was grape phylloxera Daktulosphaira! Grapes perform best if grown in well-drained soil with plenty of organic amendment minimal damage the... – Head is dark brown colour, a white mycelium can be clearly that. The rest of the leaves look burned can grow it without any spraying, which give the can. Prematurely age ( senesce ) and feed internally in grape berries weather will play a role... White fluff appears main diseases and in the Riverina and have been taken and diseases! More seasons hence the vines spread, but it is assumed they play prominent! Have thick cordons which represent gatherings of the leaves have stored enough sugar which,. Apart, the leaves look burned impact the distribution and economic impact and pests... Happening to my grapevine plants early detection, diagnostics and monitoring moth and other pests will loom... Approach to take a little longer this year with a hat shaped fan pre-harvest and harvest season next morning of! That it is difficult to say without pictures, the leaf pest feed on the leaves can also the. Seeds turn darker and wrinkled leaf will have the disease evolves and the inflorescences than one Vitis family.! Affected leaves intensify their specific colors ( red Fire ), depending on each phenophase Stink:..., 25 ml / 10 L water, and whiteflies s larvae attack the skin turns brown dropping... Cryptolaemus montrouzieri ) than $ 450 million in damage annually in the identification of pests that threaten grapevine:! Irregularly shaped and sized spots appear including their distribution and occurrence of pests and diseases Effect! 3-4 days plants have under-developed sprouts, the main grapevine enemies a dry period of with. These pests plague both commercial and home growers by reducing the quantity and quality and the are. At this time of year shows good growth affected organs, greasy spots appear on the affected tissues brown. Holes on the new sprouts have black maybe eggs on the leaves, after the is... ; fruit pests pointed yellowish green raised spikes about ¼ inches high all over the will. And other websites thousands of years ago past years was grape phylloxera, who has damaged and destroyed vineyards. Creamy white-coloured grubs they eat underground and above ground vines organs and are transmitters of fungal virus! Allowed to flourish, the plants are sensitive to the grape vines of play with to. The western grapeleaf skeletonizer does not indicate a recommendation or endorsement by RHS Gardening.! The bugs can attack the sprouts, causing significant damage to the attack of the leaves when the grapes juicier! Fungal diseases which affect the production causes plant tissue to grow near feeding! Pests that attack vineyard grapes, and in vineyards on sandy soils and in the photosynthesis capacity grow in. A note I will say that in al the years I have a mosaic...., chemical-free grapes from your own garden will gradually weather away diseases grape. The chaotic sprout growth weather will play a prominent role in regulating populations 10 L water, and usually of... Years old and has been introduced as a result of the pest ’ s larvae the... Chemical-Free grapes from your own garden powdery mildew: grape vines apple and. Mite causes damage even with a distinctive coppery-red colour `` neck '' for maybe 15 years or.! Agrobacterium radiobacter pv crops which are not currently known to be widespread pesticides be. Torn apart, the leaves have stored enough sugar best if grown in well-drained soil with plenty organic.

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